01 January 2019

Vidya Vemireddy on the "Role of Women's Time in Agriculture-Nutrition Linkages"

TCI December 2018.

hello everyone I'm with him already

um TCI scholar as well as the fifth year PhD student at the Applied Economics Department program at the Dyson School and I just wanted to say that I've been associated with this program for you know this is my over four years now um in my fifth year and it's been absolute pleasure and for the support that I received and I just want to thank you thank TC for that for me to be able to do all this research and also to communicate it to you all and someone to delve into my presentation so I'll be talking about role of women's time and agriculture nutrition linkages and this is evidence from my fieldwork so from the past two years I was in eastern part of Maharashtra the state of Maharashtra in India and this was the particular district called Chandra poor and I was working here and I did extensive data collection for about two years and my research questions are focusing on how do women spend time in agriculture across various seasons and you know how does that imply in terms of trade-offs they face in time spent for nutrition activities such as cooking and such as you know like cleaning and childcare so there are two basic questions what are

the implications of these time uses and the other is how do these time constraints that women face affect their nutrition so the motivation for my research came from you know first of all formative research when I went first as part of my first year I understood that women face immense work burdens they do not only work in agriculture and the part of the agricultural systems through in through different or seasons but they also are solely responsible for household activities due to gender norms in society such as South Asia sub-saharan Africa and this increasing work burdens is a growing concern in the agriculture nutrition community because you know there is a concern that this may impact nutrition negatively so I wanted to answer this and unpack this you know link of how agricultural time use impacts nutrition and out what is the women's contribution in this sense so to do that my I chose tion Drupal because it has an interesting combination of cropping patterns in three different blocks or which is Corp animal and gonpa pre and these three blocks have one one block is purely cotton the other is body and then one is

a mixed region which gives me sort of the variation that is required to study time as patterns of women and agriculture and my total sample was born 960 households and I did multiple surveys over the period of two years one was to collect household information on various things like such as Eric Russian produce income health and sanitation and their height and weight measures and I did to try to unpack this time use and neuter time effects of time user nutrition I had to first document the recipes that people are eating in that region and I collated about 500 recipes and also like standardized those to get precise nutrient information and time spent to cook those recipes as well and one of the most important part of the service the time is in the diet where each household was followed about you know for ten times across the year where we asked them what did they eat and how did they spend their time so using these variables to just give you a sense of how women spend their time this graph shows you the activities that women are doing of every month this is the average time spent by each women pudding so we see that the lowest part

of the bar graphs are the time spent in agriculture so you can see that in peak seasons women spend aprox nearly 350 minutes in agriculture and they also spend time and other activities such as cooking and domestic work so to reiterate I've been working on this project for a while now so um some of the findings from our work is yes women spend a lot of time in agriculture and they also spend a lot of time in household activities it just reiterates my study and then during peak seasons they faced immense trade-offs because women have to give work longer hours on agriculture which means they have lesser time for nutrition enhancing activity such as cooking and childcare so these trade-offs then I went and my findings suggest that women working longer hours in agriculture are associated with lower intakes of calories proteins fats iron zinc vitamin A and a lot more nutrients but I've just restricted my listing for this so this is an interesting puzzle and my findings are suggesting this in terms of implications it's this means a lot first of all a lot of the debate has focused on incomes but it's also important to

look at time and particularly women's time as a part of the article nutrition or agriculture nutrition linkages the other thing is that these time constraints need to be kept in mind when agriculture interventions are being designed in the policy frameworks and the future course of the research rules focus on how to come up with labor saving technologies to reduce these work burdens that women face and also enhance the decision-making capacities to be able to ensure better nutrition for themselves and their families thank you so much [Applause]