10 December 2019

Prof Mark Hanson & Dr Hema Divakar at ARTIST Nutrition & Lifestyle 18.11.19 video 2

Nutrition and Lifestyle: Scaling up innovative solutions through appropriate long-term programmes With diabetes emerging as one of the major health concerns ...

so we live in a fantastic world don't we

where there are wonderful new developments and one is struck by that in a very real sense coming from Europe to India because India is a country of such fantastic growth Sun fantastic creativity and so many opportunities but it also of course faces some huge challenges and with the Figo committee over the last two two to three days we've been debating the issues of overweight and obesity and malnutrition especially in young people in young parents and their children we've been talking about the problems of non communicable diseases that's heart disease and respiratory problems and some forms of cancer that develop as a result of development which is not optimal so with my colleague Peter Gluckman who was the chief science advisor to the prime minister of New Zealand over the last two years we've been thinking about the challenges that the modern world faces in countries like India in relation to how humans how all of us have got ourselves into this situation what we do in the book is to actually go back into our evolutionary past and ask how it is that humans was

they've created so many wonderful things have also created so many problems and what we see is that it's the result actually of the very innovations the very ingenuity that's led us uniquely as a species to create the world in which we live we've created antibiotics which have wiped out many of the infectious diseases that killed our parents and our grandparents a generation or two generations ago we've developed sources of power from fossil fuels which enable us to have electricity almost everywhere now and so that we can cook food we can heat our houses we can watch television and so on we've developed processed foods fast foods which are extremely tasty usually very widely available and cheap and everybody loves to eat their burger and chips so these are all great things but when you look at it every single innovation almost without exception that we've come up with has its downside brings problems with it antibiotics have now led to the problem of antibiotic resistant bacteria bugs that we may not be able to treat with the drugs that we have and which may lead to new epidemics of infectious

disease that we won't be able to stop with fur obviously developed through fossil fuels the whole problem of climate change and I was looking at the property problems that delis facing in terms of air quality on the television just before I came over here of course fast foods have now generated the whole problem of obesity especially in young people and with the Figo Pony group we've been talking about how the obesity in a woman and indeed in a man even before they can see the child can pass on risk to the next generation and then lastly we've seen how the internet for all the wonderful things that it gives us the ability to do the kind of social media platforms that perhaps some of you will be seeing me on right now actually also lead to some real challenges because young people today are so aware of all the information that's out there and yet they don't really have the ability to understand what information is real and what information has been manipulated in some way by the the media and by the internet platform companies so we really have to think about what that's doing to their sense of reality and actually to their mental health and

some of the ways in which they will handle stress as they grow on and develop so ingenious the unintended consequences of human innovation doesn't have all the answers it has some but I think it poses the problems that particularly countries like India with its enormous development its enormous potential will have to grapple with as we move forward