31 October 2018

POSHAN Abhiyaan explained, Malnutrition free India by 2022, Current Affairs 2018

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[Applause] hello my dear friends and welcome to steady IQ I am joy see joy and today in this lecture we will discuss the challenges and the way forward for portion of Han first of all let us understand what is portion of an the Union Government of India has signed a 200 million dollar loan agreement with the World Bank and this is for nm or the National Nutrition mission or that portion of Han and this portion of Han or the National Nutrition mission tries to cover 315 districts across all the states and union territories of the country so the loan proceedings of this 200 million dollars will be used for reducing the standing in children from 0 to 6 years of the age and also to provide nutrition to various categories the portion of Han the full formers Prime Minister's overarching scheme for holistic nutrition and this was launched in March 2018 in june gino rajasthan and the aim of the scheme is to ensure holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women children and lactating mothers in this lecture we will be discussing the importance of portion of han the status of india the

challenges faced by our country in implementing the scheme and also we will see what are the solutions to overcome these challenges let us start first of all let us see what is the current affair why portion of a enhan important news for us there are certain challenges in the scheme and these challenges were brought about recently so what has to be done there are so there is a need to further strengthen the scheme and to meet the twin challenge so what is a twin challenge we will discuss in detail later in this lecture but now for you understanding the twin challenge is zero hunger and ensuring nutrition it is not just enough that hunger is eliminated but also the nutritional status has to be in here so this is the twin challenge now we will see why is portion of Han important in this regard in overcoming this twin challenge the first reason good nutrition good nutrition is important for the growth and development of an individual so at the macro level if we have to ensure the growth and development of human capital of a country there is an important need to improve the maternal health the children

health the learning outcomes adult productivity strengthening gender equality etc so for all this good nutrition is a very important component and secondly portion of Han highlights a strong focus on convergent actions that means from national to village level so therefore the scheme is very significant thirdly if we look at the targets of the scheme the targets are to reduce standing under iteration anemia reduce low birth weight so these four things are given primary focus and the target of the scheme for standing is that for children up to the age of six years the present weight of standing is 38.4 percentage and this team targets to bring it down to 25 percentage by the year 2022 so this targets of the scheme are very very relevant for the Indian context so because of all these reasons this portion of Eon is very important now we will analyze what is the status of portion a ban in India first let us consider nutritional security so the nutritional security of a country is directly linked to food and agriculture of the economy so if nutritional security has to be

attained focus has to be given on food and agricultural sector but if we look at the scope of this portion again we will see that agricultural sector does not fall under the scope of a ban so even though nutritional security is given a primary focus agriculture or food production is not given importance under the sector there are many areas where the agricultural sector or the food productivity can directly help this portion of Han to achieve its objective the objective is to attain nutritional security so nutritional security and food security are connected so agricultural sector would have been given a little more focus or importance under this portion of air so this is one important highlight and also one challenge of the sector in the context of Indian economy now the second one according to the state of food security and nutrition in the world 2018 report there are eight hundred and twenty-one million people who suffer chronic undernourishment and out of this eight hundred twenty-one million people 196 million reside in India a very good proportion among the total

undernourished in the world comes from India so you should remember this is the 2018 latest report from this it is clear that the nutritional security of the country is very poor and portion of ham like schemes are very relevant for Indian economy but it should be implemented in its true sense the third one is the twin burden of malnutrition in India there is a twin burden what is this twin burden oneness under nutrition and the second is over age and obesity this is contradictory to each other and if we absorb other countries in the world we will see the same pattern which will coexist in many other countries there is under nutrition on one side and there is overweight and obesity on the other side and what is the impact of this twin burden it will cost to the global economy equivalent to three point five trillion and here so this symptom is seen in Indian economy as well so portion a band stands very important but what is a problem here portion a ban focuses on under nutrition the other part of it that is overweight and obesity is not given focus so there should be some schemes which will provide a focus on this overweight and

obesity because the spendy sir or the cost of this twin burden is very high and this can be utilized in meeting the targets of undernutrition so this must be taken care and fourth one is the reverse trend that is seen in India what is this reverse strength reverse trend means an excess or increase in the production of horticultural crops fruits and milk normally in an economy what happens the food crops the production of food crops will increase more significantly than the increase in horticultural crops fruits or milk but in case of India for the last few years we are seeing a record production of horticultural crops fruits and milk if we take the example of milk we will see that in 2017 18 India produced 165 million tonnes of milk but in 1980 it was only 35 million tonne and the milk production itself has contributed to a lot of employment generation especially among rural women second if we take the example of fruits and vegetables India ranks second after China in the production of fruits and vegetables if we observe the National horticultural a database of 2016-17 India produced ninety point two million

metric ton of fruits and 169 point 1 million metric tons of vegetables and the area under cultivation for fruits is six point three million hectares and vegetable is ten point 1 million hectares so there is a reverse trend scene in India and what has to be done portion abbien must be able to utilize this reverse trend because fruits vegetables milk etc can contribute to reducing or removing under nutrition in the country so this reverse trend has to be utilized by the portion of him which it is not doing currently so this is the status in India and challenges of the portion a man now we will see what can be done in order to overcome this challenges faced by portion of man first one focus the focus of the abandon increasing the production of targeted nutrition rich crops so production of food crops or cereals will not be enough but neutral cereals or those food crops which will enhance the level of nutrition must be enhanced this can be done through Homestead Gardens diversification of agricultural production towards fruits vegetables aquaculture etc so focus must be given on the production of nutrition rich

crops rather than food crops or cereals now the approach our Triple A approach can be adopted what is this Triple A approach let us see first a stands for building the capacity of Asha the Asha Workers the second a stands for building the capacity of Anganwadi workers the third a stands for building the capacity of auxilary nurse-midwives a.m. so these three stakeholders can be involved in the process of enriching nutrition so they can be given a role in enriching nutrition so their capacity can be leveraged in the agricultural extension services of the country so they can act as agents of change for the nutrition intervention this is by leveraging modern technologies to impart nutrition link messages for bringing about sustainable behavioral change towards food and nutrition so they can help in the grassroot level by bringing a behavioral or attitudinal change towards food and nutrition now next one is regarding the support the UN agencies like the FAO Food and Agricultural organization can provide support and this support can be utilized for planning or developing

activities under the mission this can also be used for fostering research on areas of biofortification enhancing production the diversity Exeter also the supports of international organization can be used in bringing in dietary diversity next is the target so the core of this event can be diverted towards national nutrition mission in order to contribute to the targets of one World Health Assembly and also secondly to the sustainable development goals the second goal of sustainable development goals is in meeting zero hunger so the portion of an presents an opportunity for inter-sectoral collaboration that is the collaboration of various sectors so that the collective actions of different sectors can improve the stages of nutrition in the country and to achieve the goal of zero hunger so what has to be done as a conclusion we can say that agriculture should not be merely an activity that focuses on increasing productivity it is not just about productivity but it is more about ensuring nutritional security to its population so the production of Agriculture must be diverted towards

those areas or to the production of those crops which will enhance the nutritional security of the country so through that we will be able to achieve the targets of portion of him which is a very relevant key for India you can find the PDF of this lecture on my Facebook page you can also keep in touch with me for any queries related to your UPC preparation I wish you all the very best and wish you all a very good day thank you [Music] [Applause] [Music]