04 August 2011

Infant Nutrition: Breastfeeding vs. Formula, Darcia Narvaez

Infant Nutrition: Breastfeeding vs. Formula, Darcia Narvaez, Stone Age Parenting The following presentation includes persuasive messages about feeding ...

hi I'm Stephanie and I'm Liz and we're

going to give you a presentation about infant nutrition as you all know there are many different ways to feed an infant today we'll talk about research concerning breastfeeding and formula we're going to try to convince you today that breastfeeding is normal natural and necessary Stephanie how long should women breastfeed well Liz according to primate model mammals similar to humans breastfeed until the offsprings first adult molar for humans that's about 6 years old our evolutionary ancestors breastfed for about four years on average and today the World Health Organization recommends a minimum of two years of breastfeeding and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that moms breastfeed for at least one year thus it is completely normal to breastfeed the child for longer than a year in the United States however only about 20% of mothers are breastfeeding at all when their child is one year old that's only one in five women a very low number not breastfeeding is affecting the health and well-being of children so Stephanie why is rest beading important why breastfeed well is the brains of human infants aren't

completely developed when the baby is born in fact newborn infants brains are only about 25% of their adult brain volume it takes proper care for the brain to develop well and completely when an infant's brain is fed breast milk the brain is washed with the chemicals it needs to build itself human milk contains thousands of ingredients essential for in fit growth and development these ingredients help build the infant's body including the immune system but what are the contents of breast milk what's so great about it breast milk contains 200 essential fatty acids that help brain cells develop it's also 80 percent alive with essential immune factors keeping children protected against infection and disease but what about formula do you know anything about the contents of formulas what's so bad about formula of the 200 essential fatty acids found in breast milk infant formula only contains two infant formula contains chemicals and toxins that can cause damage to health chemicals used in rocket fuel production have even been found in infant formulas powdered formulas are now considered non

sterile by most health agencies breastfeeding protects babies what are some more advantages of breast milk with breast milk contains thousands of ingredients the infant's brains need for development it's a full course meal for infants infant formula only contains around two dozen ingredients making it the equivalent of just a slice of bread and since formula is classified as a food it is not strictly regulated by the Food and Drug Administration for toxins for safety so it has all the appeal of a moldy piece of bread so to avoid the harmful toxins found in formula mom's ship breastfeed and for the health and well-being of the baby mom should breastfeed for at least one year if moms are supposed to breastfeed for at least a year what happens when they want or need to go back to work well is for many years it has been difficult for moms to breastfeed and go to work but now there are laws that help moms do both according to federal law employers with at least 50 employees must provide break time and space for breastfeeding or pumping some organizations even allow moms to bring their babies to work with

them but how do you know how to breastfeed is it instinctual does it come naturally if you haven't seen breastfeeding how will you know what to do do women need to be taught how the breastfeed well is they might in experienced moms may need help from a lactation consultant there are several organizations such as spa Chile or women infants and children that help moms learn to breastfeed lactation consultants will help mothers realize that breast or nipple size does not influence breastfeeding it is not normal for breastfeeding to hurt and breastfeeding mothers do not lactate uncontrollably so even though breastfeeding is natural it does require some practice and with a little help 99% of women can successfully breastfeed but Liz isn't formula-feeding easier isn't it faster well actually Stephanie formula takes time to prepare properly in most cases caregivers don't prepare infant formula properly which results in contamination infant formula needs to be prepared in a sterile environment because infants are most vulnerable to viruses bacteria and infection during their first year of

life so formula could make baby sick if the proper steps aren't taken so how many steps does it take to properly prepare formula well let's see step 1 you have to sanitize the bottle in the formula scoop for clean preparation step 2 you have to measure out the proper formula to water ratio which is important to prevent malnutrition step 3 you have to shake the bottle very well step 4 you have to evenly heat the bottle appropriately to prevent the heated plastic from releasing toxins this means not putting the plastic bottle in the microwave then step 5 you have to feed the baby step 6 you have to burp the baby in step 7 you have to fully clean the bottle of any remaining residue so all these steps actually add up to quite a lot of time for a total of 26 extra minutes devoted to preparing formula ok so it takes an extra 26 minutes big deal I have that time so it's prepared properly what's the problem with formulas feeding well let's compare breastfeeding with

formula how is breastfeeding better for babies breast milk actually changes with the needs of a child formula doesn't do that breastfeeding baby controls the size of each mouthful but not a formula fed baby at the breast the baby can regulate how much he eats but not at the bottle and when feeding at the breast the baby steps when he's full but not one being fed through a bottle so again breastfeeding is better Stephanie how is the baby protected through breastfeeding well is human milk contains many disease fighting factors that prevent infections and help build a strong immune system breastfeeding reduces the risk of sudden infant death syndrome it is also protective against high blood pressure high cholesterol cancer diabetes and obesity breastfed children are less likely to be depressed later in life they are also less likely to have allergies or be picky eaters how about formula formula fails in all these areas how else does breastfeeding protect the child well formula-fed babies sleep longer and deeper than breastfed babies

but Stephanie don't we want babies to sleep longer well no is actually we don't when babies fall into a deep sleep for too long it's not healthy for the baby's metabolism the babies more likely to die from sudden infant death syndrome and deep sleep and receives fewer feedings throughout the night which could lead to malnutrition infants are designed to sleep lightly they wake frequently for feedings breastfed children don't sleep as long which regulates their feeding and metabolism in the natural way but what about mom sleep doesn't mom need sleep too how does breastfeeding cook mom sleep well Stephanie if you need to formula feed during the night you must wake up fully and sterilize the bottle in order to prepare the formula breastfeeding moms get as much or even better sleep when they breastfeed through the night and their infant is close by why is breastfeeding good for mothers breastfeeding reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer it reduces the risk of diabetes reduces pregnancy weight and reduces depression it also encourages bonding with the baby again formula fails on all these counts

Kendal's mom's breastfeed if they smoke why are depressed what if there are medication birth control or have had cosmetic breast surgery can master breastfeed well actually yes most moms can still breastfeed if they arrange medications with the doctor moms should collaborate with a lactation consultant and the family doctor in any of these instances but what about premature babies what's best for them breast milk or formula whole breast milk and skin-to-skin contact is the best medicine for premature babies a moms body will automatically produce breast milk that is specially designed to nourish her premature baby mom's milk protects premature babies from infection and even death let's compare outcomes for kids which is better breast milk or formula well correlational studies have shown that breastfed kids are more likely to graduate from high school than formula-fed kids while formula fed kids have more mental health problems and breastfed kids are more likely to have stronger bonds with their mothers correlational studies have also shown

that breastfed kids tend to be higher in intelligence than formula-fed chips while formula-fed kids are at greater risk of becoming addicts and breastfed kids are more likely to be emotionally secure than formula-fed kids wait a minute pause I was fed formula I don't have any of those problems well is being fed formula it doesn't mean that you're doomed to not graduate from high school or that you'll end up in prison later in life it only means that there's a greater risk of these things evidence shows that breast milk is the standard the formula cannot measure up to when you are a baby we didn't know as much about the importance of breastfeeding like we do today but since we now know how important breastfeeding is you can help make a difference and improve infant feeding practices by breastfeeding your children and encouraging others to breastfeed their children even if you were fed formula okay so even though I was formula fed I should still breastfeed my kids what else is bad about formula well stephanie formula feeding is expensive you must buy the formula itself bottles cleaning supplies and then preparing the formula

and sanitizing those bottles takes up a lot of time and we all know time is money so all this is actually very expensive well just how expensive is formula feeding Liz to feed a three-month-old on a common infant formula brand they costs $26.25 each week enough bottled water to make that formula costs 14 dollars a week for a total of 40 dollars and 25 cents each week so how much is that in a month it's a hundred and sixty one dollars each month so how much is that in a year it's almost two thousand dollars each year on just formula and water in addition to those weekly costs you also must buy a bottle sanitizer a bottle warmer several bottles and a bottle brush to clean the bottles with breastfeeding however is free so how do you safeguard against the extra expensive formula while breastfeeding immediately and frequently after the child is born guarantees that mom won't run out of milk later a month production actually adapts to fulfill the child's changing nutritional needs okay so after learning all this information what are some of the advantages of breastfeeding that we've

mentioned well compared to infant formula breast milk is more sterile it's a better quality than formula it's more easily digested and it's more natural and affordable than infant formula formula fails again we've been talking a lot about moms but what about dad what role do dance playing caring for an infant well is babies need more than just breast milk they also need quick responsiveness to their needs so they don't develop a stressed brain touch through holding and skin-to-skin contact so they become happy and healthy someone to play with to develop their social and attentional skills and multiple responsive caregivers can help keep everyone happy so even though dads and other members of the family can't breastfeed the baby they can take part in all these crucial aspects of child care we hope we have convinced you that breastfeeding is normal natural and necessary in the case of a child having to be formula fed remember that raising children encompasses many aspects other than what they are fed the risks of formula feeding that we've mentioned

will be reduced through the love and support that you provide your child so here's a list of things that you can do you can encourage moms who want to breastfeed you can tell them what you know about how much better breastfeeding is than formula feeding you can talk to your family and friends about what you learned today you can be supportive of women who are breastfeeding in public and most importantly you can be ready to breastfeed of your children