10 April 2018

Healthy eating for 6 to 24 month old children: Session 1 of Moving On - English

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welcome to our program healthy eating for six to 24 month old children moving on from six to twelve months of age babies gradually learn to eat different food textures and various kinds of food they will also eat more solid food also they start holding food to eat now let's see how parents can help their babies to adapt to the changes in the way they eat I'm Kelly when I was six months old mommy let me try rice cereal and a bit of food puree the nurse of the health center told mummy to change the food texture gradually so that I could learn to chew the nurse also said that I need to eat foods that are rich in iron so mummy put vegetables and meat into the rice cereal I eat more and more rice cereal and gradually drink less milk now I am still breastfed because mummy knows that breast milk is nutritious and makes me strong so that I won't get sick so easily yesterday mummy saw that I picked up things myself she said she would give me a vegetable stalk and a spoon so that I could learn to eat myself that's great [Music] Kelly's mum was right parents should

give nutritious food in suitable textures according to what their babies can chew and swallow when a baby starts eating solid food he can only eat smooth and runny puree or mashed food after trying these for two to three weeks you can make the baby cereal and food puree thicker and let him try thin congee as well as your baby gets used to these textures you can mash some soft food such as egg yolk or tofu and give him strained food after he adapts to the strained food you can give him some finely chopped green veggies minced meat and thick congee at around 1 year old you can offer him soft rice you should change food textures step by step with patients taking vegetable and meat congee as an example you can first thicken the congee then you can change the fineness of the chopped vegetables and minced meat during this transitional period parents may have some concerns my baby hasn't got any teeth yet can he eat minced meat even though your baby does not have any teeth he can chew with his gums most babies can eat tiny pieces of mince meat when they are 9 to 10 months old keep giving babies purees they may have a problem with food of

course and tough textures in the future and may become picky eaters I gave my baby some mince meat but he gagged and spat it out I worried that he may be choking what should I do if your baby is not used to lumpy food he may spit it out or even gag this is a normal reaction Keep Calm if you act nervous you may scare your baby after cleaning up you can let him try again but give him smaller mouthfuls if he still spits out the food you should prepare the food in a finer texture and give him more time to adapt also when your baby isn't capable of chewing he might not eat much solid food in this case you should give him milk until he is full giving your baby a variety of foods can help him get used to different food tastes and get the nutrients he needs so how does a baby go from eating a small amount of puree to eating a nutritious and balanced meal let's have a look offer babies food that they are able to chew and swallow babies at this stage need more iron so you should give them iron rich foods such as baby rice and wheat cereal with added iron meat egg

yolk and liver dark green leafy vegetables and dry beans parents should note that rice congee contains much less iron than baby rice cereal make sure that iron rich foods are offered at each meal before replacing baby rice cereal with congee fish soup and meat soup have very little amount of nutrients feed your baby some minced meat or fish in suitable textures so that they can get enough nutrients [Music] give your baby new food in the morning so that you have more time to watch for any allergic reactions such as skin rashes diarrhea or vomiting give your baby 1 to 2 teaspoons of the new food directly you may also mix the new food with the food that your baby is used to eating keep trying the same food for two to three days if your baby has no allergic reactions you can offer another new food babies accept new food more readily before 1 year of age but some babies may take a dozen times before they will eat if your baby refuses the new food you can let him try again a few days later as soon as your baby gets used to eating from a spoon you can feed him solid food two or three times a day

when your baby gets hungry you feed him solid food first and then give him milk until he is full around one-year-old most babies eat two meals of congee or soft rice each day and have snacks or fruits once or twice a day they only need milk two to three times a day how do I replace some milk feeding with a meal of congee and your baby can eat about half a bowl or more of congee or soft rice with meat and vegetables in a meal and does not need to have milk afterwards for several days then you can replace one milk feeding knowing the changes in a food that the baby needs let's see how Kelly gradually moves from eating rice cereal to meat and vegetable congee twice a day hi it's me Kelly again at six months old when I got used to eating rice cereal mummy fed me two to three times a day she also let me try to new foods each week mummy usually gave me new foods at midday I didn't eat a lot so I needed milk to fill up mummy also mixed and matched different kinds of foods into my meals so that I could get a balanced mix of nutrients the first new food I tried

with spinach I did not have any rashes or other bad reactions after trying it for two to three days then mummy gave me egg yolk in the next week mommy gave me some carrot and thread thin fish the fish was rather coarse so I had to chew a bit I got tired and ate very little so I needed some milk to fill up in the third week mummy gave me some more new food to try i ate very well i finished half a bowl of rice cereal with fish i needed less milk to fill up when i was seven months old i had already tried many different kinds of food every time I had veggies meat egg or fish [Music] I also had a different fruit puree as a snap every day then mummy gave me congee every other day at first she added egg yolk and hairy melon into the congee I didn't like it and ate only a little mummy didn't force me the next day she put pumpkin and grass carp into the congee Oh yummy it's tasty you see I tried many different kinds of food at eight months old mummy gave me some of the food I didn't like to eat before but she cooked them in different ways and combinations I nice eating them by that time I could eat different kinds of food

in various combinations I am now 9 months old I have veggie and meat congee twice every day after eating a little more than half a bowl of congee I am full and do not need milk to fill up mummy said she would let me try macaroni and bread later I can share smaller pieces of family food very soon this saves time in cooking then mummy can have more time to play with me I love you mummy in short it takes time for your baby to adapt to eating solid food like Kelly your baby needs more time to adapt when there is a bigger change in the food you give if babies don't want to eat the food parents should try other combinations or change the cooking method so that babies can make a smooth transition to eating adult meals [Music]